The advantages of fiber optic cable over copper wire are well understood - fiber can transfer more data, in less time, over longer distances than copper.
But cable and telecoms companies operate in a tough, competitive environment. Few have been prepared to invest heavily in fiber or to write off their significant copper infrastructure assets.
As subscriber demand for faster broadband rises, network operators have had to rethink their strategies about last drop fiber deployment. And with a large percentage of subscribers living in apartment blocks and working in multi-storey offices, the installation challenges are distinct from rollouts to single-dwellings.